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David Taylor-Robinson

and Jørgen Skov Jensen


May 30, 2013: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.


Chapter reviewed and minor alternations made.

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date: 19 September 2021

Mycoplasmas are the smallest self-replicating prokaryotes. They are devoid of cell walls, with the plasticity of their outer membrane favouring pleomorphism, although some have a characteristic bottle-shaped appearance. Mycoplasmas recovered from humans belong to the genera Mycoplasma (14 species) and Ureaplasma (2 species). They are predominantly found in the respiratory and genital tracts, but sometimes invade the bloodstream and thus gain access to joints and other organs....

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