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Legionellosis and legionnaires’ disease 

Legionellosis and legionnaires’ disease
Legionellosis and legionnaires’ disease

J.T. Macfarlane

and T.C. Boswell



Minor amendments to aetiology, epidemiology, and diagnosis sections.

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date: 28 September 2021

Legionellaceae are Gram-negative bacilli, of which Legionella pneumophila is the principal cause of human infections. Their natural habitats are freshwater streams, lakes, thermal springs, moist soil and mud, but the principal source for large outbreaks of legionellosis is cooling systems used for air conditioning and other cooling equipment, with infection transmitted by contaminated water aerosols. Middle-aged men, smokers, regular alcohol drinkers, and those with comorbidity are most at risk....

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