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Arthur E. Brown

and Thira Sirisanthana


July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.


Description of ‘injection anthrax’, with discussion of the ongoing outbreak of this condition in Europe.

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date: 28 September 2021

Anthrax is primarily a disease of herbivorous mammals, caused by the Gram-positive rod Bacillus anthracis, which causes human infection when its spores enter the body, most commonly from handling infected animals or animal products. The disease occurs in most countries of the world, but not in those where the condition is controlled in livestock by vaccination programmes. Anthrax is a leading agent of biological warfare....

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