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Delia B. Benthell

and Tran Tinh Hien



Epidemiology updated.

Additions to Further reading.

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date: 27 September 2021

Diphtheria is a potentially lethal infection caused by toxin-producing strains of Corynebacterium diphtheria, a Gram-positive bacillus. Humans are the only known reservoir, with spread via respiratory droplets or direct contact with skin lesions. Although now rare in developed countries, this vaccine-preventable disease remains an important problem in countries with poor or failing health systems, and is estimated to cause about 5000 deaths per year worldwide, most in children under 5 years of age....

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