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Enterovirus infections 

Enterovirus infections
Enterovirus infections

Philip Minor

and Ulrich Desselberger


July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.


Viruses—newly recognised genera and updated classification.

Clinical presentation—revised table of clinical symptoms related to specific viruses.

Prevention of polio—expanded discussion of vaccination strategies and description of the present situation in various countries.

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date: 27 September 2021

Enteroviruses are single-stranded, positive sense RNA viruses comprising poliomyelitis viruses (3 types), Coxsackie A viruses (23 types), Coxsackie B viruses (6 types), and echoviruses (33 types). They have recently been reclassified into 4 human enterovirus species (A–D) on the basis of sequence comparisons. Transmission is by the faeco-oral route, with marked seasonal peaks of infection in areas of temperate climate, but infections occurring all year round in tropical regions....

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