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Nipah and Hendra virus encephalitides 

Nipah and Hendra virus encephalitides
Nipah and Hendra virus encephalitides

C.T. Tan



Hendra virus—2008–2009 outbreak in Queensland with more clinical details.

Nipah virus—more on outbreaks in India and Bangladesh with human to human and nosocomial spread.

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date: 27 September 2021

Nipah and Hendra are two related viruses of the Paramyxoviridae family that have their reservoir in large Pteropus fruit bats. Human disease manifests most often as acute encephalitis, which may be late-onset or relapsing, or pneumonia, with high mortality. Transmission from bats to human includes direct spread from consumption of food contaminated by infected bats’ secretions, and contact with infected animals: human-to-human spread can also occur....

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