Show Summary Details
Page of

Cancer immunity and clinical oncology 

Cancer immunity and clinical oncology
Cancer immunity and clinical oncology

Maries van den Broek

, Lotta von Boehmer

, Kunle Odunsi

, and Alexander Knuth


May 30, 2013: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 24 September 2021

Patients develop immune-mediated defence mechanisms against cancers, which are referred to as the ‘three E’s’: (1) elimination—corresponding to immunological control of the tumour or immunosurveillance; (2) equilibrium—the process by which the immune response iteratively selects/promotes less immunogenic tumour variants; and (3) escape—when the immunologically sculptured tumour expands in an uncontrolled manner....

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.