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Epidemiology of cancer 

Epidemiology of cancer
Epidemiology of cancer

A.J. Swerdlow

, R. Peto

, and Richard S. Doll


July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 19 May 2022

The epidemiology of cancer is the investigation of the incidence and causes of the disease in people under different conditions of life. Such investigations have generally been the way in which reliable evidence about causal agents for cancer, and the magnitude of the risks from these agents, have been found. They have shown that any type of cancer that is common in one population is rare in some other, and that the differences between populations are mostly not genetic, but rather the consequences of behaviours and circumstances of life. In principle, cancers are therefore largely preventable....

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