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Adaptive immunity 

Adaptive immunity
Adaptive immunity

Paul Klenerman


July 30, 2015: This chapter has been re-evaluated and remains up-to-date. No changes have been necessary.

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date: 28 September 2021

Following the innate immune response, which acts very rapidly, the adaptive immune response plays a critical role in host defence against infectious disease. Unlike the innate response, which is triggered by pattern recognition of pathogens, i.e. features that are common to many bacteria or viruses, the adaptive response is triggered by structural features—known as antigens or epitopes—that are typically unique to a single organism....

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