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Vitamins and trace elements 

Vitamins and trace elements
Vitamins and trace elements

J. Powell-Tuck

and M. Eastwood



Chapter reviewed and heavily updated throughout.

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date: 19 September 2021

Vitamins are diverse, unrelated organic compounds that some higher animals, humans included, cannot synthesize and which play key roles in metabolism, underpinning the most crucial of biological reactions. They are required in small amounts and have diverse functions, e.g. as:

activated carriers of biochemical groups—coenzymes (B vitamin derivatives)...

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