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Emergency surgery 

Emergency surgery
Emergency surgery

Matthew D. Gardiner

and Neil R. Borley

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date: 17 September 2021

This chapter begins by discussing the basic principles of Advanced Trauma Life Support, care of the critically ill surgical patient, shock, SIRS and sepsis, and blood products and transfusion, before focusing on the key areas of knowledge, namely traumatic head injury, spine and spinal cord trauma, maxillofacial trauma, cardiothoracic trauma, abdominal trauma, urological trauma, vascular trauma, assessment of the acute abdomen, acute appendicitis, acute upper gastrointestinal haemorrhage, lower gastrointestinal haemorrhage, gastrointestinal obstruction, gastrointestinal perforation, acute pancreatitis, and superficial sepsis. The chapter concludes with relevant case-based discussions.

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