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Matthew D. Gardiner

and Neil R. Borley

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date: 03 August 2021

This chapter begins by discussing the basic principles of renal and urinary tract physiology, before focusing on the key areas of knowledge, namely congenital urological conditions, urinary retention, lower urinary tract symptoms and disorders, urinary incontinence and neuropathic bladder, iInflammation and infection of the urinary tract, urinary tract calculi, scrotal conditions, penile conditions, renal cancer, bladder cancer, prostate cancer, and testicular cancer. The chapter concludes with relevant case-based discussions.

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