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Non-invasive ventilation 

Non-invasive ventilation
Chapter:
Non-invasive ventilation
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199202447.003.0047
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date: 21 October 2019

Non-invasive ventilation 288

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) refers to the delivery of ventilatory support via the upper airway using a face or nasal mask. In this chapter NIV refers to non-invasive positive pressure ventilation; negative pressure ventilation (e.g. external cuirass) is not used in the acute setting and will not be discussed. Ventilators can be either pressure or volume controlled, but bi-level pressure support ventilators are by far the most commonly used....

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