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Nebulizers 

Nebulizers
Chapter:
Nebulizers
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199202447.003.0046
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date: 19 October 2019

Nebulizers 284

Nebulizers allow the administration of drugs by generating suspensions of particles. They have assumed a central role in the management of patients with acute airways obstruction. However, it should be remembered that most nebulized medication never actually reaches the lung.

Nebulizer therapy is not an efficient method of administering therapy. Particles are usually either too large or too small to reach the target area (in the acute setting it is estimated that active drug delivery can be as low as 10–20%). Recent evidence suggests inhalers ± spacing devices are equally, if not more, effective even in the emergency setting....

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