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date: 21 October 2019

Indications 268

Procedure 268

Anatomy 268

Changes in physiology 269

Tracheostomy tubes and attachments 270

Complications 271

General considerations 271

Specific problems and emergencies 272

Upper airway obstruction.

Prolonged ventilation.

Protection against pulmonary aspiration.

Tracheobronchial toilet.

Major head & neck surgery....

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