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Hyperventilation syndrome 

Hyperventilation syndrome
Chapter:
Hyperventilation syndrome
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199202447.003.0022
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date: 12 November 2019

Hyperventilation syndrome 134

Syndrome characterized by a variety of somatic symptoms induced by inappropriate hyperventilation and reproduced in whole or part by voluntary hyperventilation.

Rapid shallow breathing leads to hypocapnia and respiratory alkalosis which in turn leads to physical symptoms. There is usually inadequate expiration causing symptoms of chest tightness. These symptoms in turn lead to an increase in anxiety and the development of a ‘vicious circle’....

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