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Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) 

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
Chapter:
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780199202447.003.0021
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date: 15 October 2019

Diagnosis 128

Acute exacerbation of COPD 128

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is increasing in frequency worldwide, particularly in developed countries, and has a major impact both in terms of mortality and morbidity. In 2004, respiratory disease accounted for 20% of all deaths in the UK, with COPD accounting for more than a fifth of these. Cases of COPD account for up to 12% of acute medical admissions and use more than 1 million bed days a year in the NHS in England. Approximately 95% of cases of COPD are smoking related, with the remainder being secondary to occupational and environmental exposure....

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