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List of Abbreviations 

List of Abbreviations
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date: 20 June 2021

  • ABPI

    ankle-brachial pressure index

  • ATLS

    advanced trauma life support


    British Association of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons

  • BMAC

    Bone marrow aspirate concentrate

  • BMP

    bone morphogenetic protein

  • BOA

    British Orthopaedic Association


    British Orthopaedic Association Standards for Trauma and Orthopaedics


    Circulation (exsanguinating haemorrhage), Airway, Breathing, Circulation, Disability, Exposure

  • CDC

    Centers for Disease Control

  • CT

    computed tomography

  • DO

    distraction osteogenesis

  • EQ-5D-5L

    EuroQol-Five Dimensions-Five Levels

  • IV


  • ISS

    Injury Severity Score

  • FDA

    Food and Drug Administration

  • LEAP

    Lower Extremity Assessment Project

  • MDT

    multidisciplinary team

  • MSC

    mesenchymal stem cell

  • NICE

    National Institute for Health and Care Excellence

  • NPWT

    negative pressure wound therapy

  • OMI

    outcome measurement instrument

  • PMMA


  • PRP

    platelet-rich plasma

  • PU


  • RIA

    reamer irrigator aspirator

  • SF-36

    Short Form 36

  • SIP

    Sickness Impact Profile


    single-photon emission computed tomography

  • SSI

    surgical site infection

  • TARN

    Trauma Audit and Research Network


    wound healing in surgical trauma