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Mechanisms 

Mechanisms
Author(s):

Paul Farquhar-Smith

, Pierre Beaulieu

, and Sian Jagger

Page of

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date: 25 February 2020

The landmark paper discussed in this chapter reviewed 51 epidemiological studies looking at the incidence and prevalence of both acute pain and chronic pain in children and adolescents. The paper divided the studies they reviewed into two broad categories: those which examined pain in non-clinical populations, such as school children or general population samples, and those which examined pain in clinical settings, such as inpatients, outpatients from specific clinics, or special populations. In the clinical studies assessed, back pain in athletes and overuse injury syndrome in musicians were also included as studies from special populations. The non-clinical studies included head, stomach/abdominal, and back pain, as well as further studies focusing on oral/dental and limb pain, dysmenorrhoea, and multiple pain problems. The authors concluded that the epidemiology of pain in children and adolescents remained relatively undocumented.

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