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Making the link from “central sensitization” to clinical pain 

Making the link from “central sensitization” to clinical pain
Chapter:
Making the link from “central sensitization” to clinical pain
Author(s):

Jürgen Sandkühler

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198834359.003.0047
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date: 04 December 2020

The landmark paper discussed in this chapter is ‘Central sensitization: Implications for the diagnosis and treatment of pain’, published by C. J. Woolf in 2011. The phrase ‘central sensitization’ is often used as an umbrella term for all kinds of central nervous system (CNS) mechanisms contributing to pain hypersensitivity. The International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) defines ‘central sensitization’ as the ‘increased responsiveness of nociceptive neurons in the CNS’. In the CNS, highly distinct mechanisms contribute to pain hypersensitivity depending upon pain aetiology and disease stage. These include modification of synaptic strength, inhibitory tone, and membrane excitability and often involve components of neuroinflammation. It is thus recommended to avoid using the phrase ‘central sensitization’ in the scientific literature all together and replace it with unambiguous technical terms such as ‘CNS mechanisms of pain hypersensitivity’ or with the specific mechanism(s) and CNS location(s) in mind.

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