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Gender perspectives in migration 

Gender perspectives in migration
Chapter:
Gender perspectives in migration
Author(s):

Rangaswamy Thara

, and Aarthi Raman

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198833741.003.0006
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date: 18 May 2021

There is critical and compelling evidence to suggest that whatever form migration takes place, it is accompanied by differing levels of stress, which may fall disproportionately on women. This considerable stress may well lead to mental health problems, even though migrants may be more resilient. This chapter reviews work on gender perspectives in mental health aspects of migration. Although of great clinical and social significance, this aspect has not been well researched, especially in low- and middle-income countries. While both genders are susceptible to psychological problems, women seem to have higher rates of depression and anxiety. Young women refugees are often sexually exploited and abused. This is particularly marked in the antenatal and postnatal periods, more so if access to health care is problematic. The country of origin of the migrants, their literacy and socio-economic levels, family cohesiveness, and quality of social support need to be considered when planning interventions for this group.

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