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Therapeutic skills and therapeutic expectations in the treatment of migrant individuals and their families 

Therapeutic skills and therapeutic expectations in the treatment of migrant individuals and their families
Chapter:
Therapeutic skills and therapeutic expectations in the treatment of migrant individuals and their families
Author(s):

Samuel O. Okpaku

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198833741.003.0055
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date: 18 May 2021

This chapter emphasizes the need to categorize migrants into three major subgroups. This is necessary as different categories may have different needs in terms of documentation, services, and opportunities. The central elements for effective therapeutic approaches are then reviewed. These include the establishment of a helping alliance, the client’s explanatory model, adherence to treatment, and the client’s expectations of the treatment. These expectations may be divided into ‘treatment expectations’ and ‘outcome expectations’. Therapists’ skills and characteristics are also explored. It is suggested that the salient factors in psychotherapy of locals are likely to be the same for migrants, but for this latter group there is a need to be mindful of cultural issues, the history of trauma, and the need for a family approach. The chapter concludes by emphasizing that therapists pay attention to their own values in addition to the issues relating to culture.

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