Show Summary Details
Page of

Out-migration and social capital 

Out-migration and social capital
Out-migration and social capital

Nicholas Spina

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 May 2021

This chapter explores how out-migration weakens social capital in sending communities. Based on game theoretical models of cooperation, it is theorized that the rate of subnational out-migration acts as a structural-level cue and informs residents about the prospect of future interactions between citizens. Heavy out-migration creates a cooperative dilemma by provoking doubt among residents about the benefits of extending trust to and engaging with strangers who may not remain in the community. This proposition is tested using subnational migration data from Bulgaria in two multivariate statistical analyses. The finding from the first set of models confirms that citizens residing in regions undergoing more out-migration report lower levels of generalized trust. A second series of tests reveal that subnational regions with more out-migration have fewer associational memberships per capita.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.