Show Summary Details
Page of

Collective trauma 

Collective trauma
Collective trauma

Umaharan Thamotharampillai

, and Daya Somasundaram

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 18 May 2021

Natural and manmade disasters can severely impact on family and community structures and processes to cause collective trauma. Observations, experiences, and work in multiple migration situations around the world and literature survey have informed this study. Collective trauma can lead to migration and manifest in migrant populations as high levels of post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, depletion of social capital, dysfunctional family dynamics, loss of motivation, dependence, helplessness, hostility, distrust, suspicion, despair, alcohol and drug abuse, and a variety of social pathologies, as well as historical and transgenerational effects. Procedures, support systems, and atmospheres in host countries can mitigate and help to resolve collective trauma or exacerbate, worsen, and prolong healing. Rebuilding social capital, communality, trust, networks, feeling of collective efficacy, promoting family unity, adaptation to host culture, and learning the language can be salutary. Historical communities will have elements of resilient functioning that should be recognized, respected, and encouraged, while exclusive and maladaptive practices can be discouraged.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.