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Symptom control: Using pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods 

Symptom control: Using pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods
Chapter:
Symptom control: Using pharmacological and non-pharmacological methods
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198831426.003.0009
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date: 09 May 2021

This chapter examines how to assess and manage the common symptoms of musculoskeletal conditions including pain, depression, and fatigue. As the most prevalent symptom is pain, the assessment and support of patients with pain are discussed in depth including the significance of identifying both serious causes of pain and psychosocial influences on pain. Pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches to the management of all three symptoms are included. The roles of education, exercise, pacing of activities, relaxation, and access to specialist input are discussed. The chapter outlines how the nurse can provide practical support and advice to enable the patient to manage the impact of their symptoms as well as managing self-limiting conditions such as a soft tissue injury.

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