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Osteoarthritis 

Osteoarthritis
Chapter:
Osteoarthritis
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198831426.003.0002
Page of

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date: 09 May 2021

This chapter discusses osteoarthritis (OA), including the features seen in OA and the wider clinical features of OA, outlining the most commonly affected joints and their management. The potential causes of OA are summarized with visual representations of the joints involved and how they are affected. Investigations required to diagnosis OA and exclude other forms of joint pain are described. The chapter then provides more specific information for hip and knee; hand, wrist, foot, and ankle; and neck and spine, including their assessment and treatment options (pharmacological and non-pharmacological). This is followed by some of the more holistic aspects to care and management plans including when to refer those who present with OA to a specialist team.

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