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date: 27 June 2022

Chapter 11: Anaesthesia

1 Mulak V et al. Perioperative medication management. UpToDate; 2015.

2 Fleisher LA et al. 2014 ACC/AHA guideline on perioperative cardiovascular evaluation and management of patients undergoing noncardiac surgery: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation 2014; 130(24):e278–333. PubMed ID: 25085961. this resource:

3 Bergs J et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect of the World Health Organization surgical safety checklist on postoperative complications. Br J Surg 2014; 101(3):150–8. PubMed ID: 24469615. this resource:

4 NICE. Venous thromboembolism: reducing the risk for patients in hospital (CG92). NICE; 2010.

5 AAGBI. Pre-operative assessment and patient preparation: The role of the anaesthetist. London: AAGBI; 2010. this resource:

6 Poldermans et al. Guidelines for pre-operative cardiac risk assessment and perioperative cardiac management in non-cardiac surgery. European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and endorsed by the European Society of Anaesthesiology (ESA). Eur J Anaesthesiol 2010; 27(2):92–137. PubMed ID: 20068416. this resource:

7 American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA). Practice guidelines for sedation and analgesia by non-anesthesiologists. Anesthesiology 2002; 96:1004–17. this resource:

8 La Colla I et al. Faster wash-out and recovery for desflurane vs sevoflurane in morbidly obese patients when no premedication is used. Br J Anaesth 2007; 99(3):353–8. PubMed ID: 17621601. this resource:

9 Scarth E et al. Drugs in Anaesthesia and Intensive Care. Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2016.Find this resource:

10 Holley AD et al. Management of acute severe and near-fatal asthma. Emerg Med Australas 2009; 21(4):259–68. PubMed ID: 19682010. this resource:

11 Lin T et al. Fundamentals of Anaesthesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2016.Find this resource:

12 Eger EI. Characteristics of anesthetic agents used for induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. Am J Health Syst Pharm 2004; 61(Suppl 4):S3–10. PubMed ID: 15532143.

13 Gupta A et al. Total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA). In Vacanti C et al. (eds) Essential Clinical Anesthesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press; 2011, 305–8.

14 AAGBI. Recommendations for standards of monitoring during anaesthesia and recovery, 4th ed. London: AAGBI; 2007.

15 Frerk C et al. Difficult Airway Society 2015 guidelines for management of unanticipated difficult intubation in adults. Br J Anaesth 2015; 115(6):827–48. PubMed ID: 26556848. this resource:

16 Iohom G et al. Prediction of difficult tracheal intubation. Eur J Anaesthesiol 2003; 20(1):31–6. PubMed ID: 12553386. this resource:

17 Allman KG et al. Oxford Handbook of Anaesthesia (4th ed). Oxford: Oxford University Press; 2016.Find this resource:

18 National Audit Project. NAP5 report.

19 AAGBI. Malignant hyperthermia crisis. AAGBI safety guideline. AAGBI; 2011.

20 Gaudio RM et al. Traumatic dental injuries during anaesthesia. Part II: medico-legal evaluation and liability. Dent Traumatol 2011; 27(1):40–5. PubMed ID: 21244627. this resource:

21 Horncastle E et al. Hyperoxia in anaesthesia and intensive care. BJA Educ 2019; 19(6):176–182. this resource:

22 Lopez MB. Postanaesthetic shivering – from pathophysiology to prevention. PubMed ID: 29756066. Rom J Anaesth Intensive Care 2018; 25(1):73–81Find this resource:

23 Smith MD et al. Preoperative carbohydrate treatment for enhancing recovery after elective surgery. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014; 8:CD009161. PubMed ID: 25121931.

24 Nicholson A et al. Systematic review and meta-analysis of enhanced recovery programmes in surgical patients. Br J Surg 2014; 101(3):172–88. PubMed ID: 24469618. this resource:

25 Banugo P, Amoako D. Prehabilitation. BJA Educ 2017;17(12):401–5. this resource:

26 Lee A. Effects of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs on post-operative renal function in normal adults. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2001; 2:CD002765. PubMed ID: 17054201.

27 British Pain Society. Recommended guidelines for Pain Management Programmes for adults: A consensus statement prepared on behalf of the British Pain Society. London: British Pain Society; 2007.Find this resource:

28 Apfel CC et al. A simplified risk score for predicting postoperative nausea and vomiting: conclusions from crossvalidations between two centers. Anesthesiology 1999; 91:693–700. PubMed ID: 10485781.

29 Gan TJ et al. Consensus guidelines for the management of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Anesth Analg 2014; 118(1):85–113. PubMed ID: 24356162. this resource:

30 Gelfand HJ et al. Analgesic efficacy of ultrasound-guided regional anesthesia: a meta-analysis. J Clin Anesth 2011; 23(2):90–6. PubMed ID: 21377070. this resource:

31 Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland. AAGBI safety guideline. Management of severe local anaesthetic toxicity. AAGBI; 2010.

32 Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland et al. Safety guideline: skin antisepsis for central neuraxial blockade. Anaesthesia 2014; 69(11):1279–86. PubMed ID: 25187310. this resource:

33 Boonmak P et al. Epidural blood patching for preventing and treating post-dural puncture headache. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2010; 1:CD001791. PubMed ID: 20091522.

34 Nimmo SM et al. What is the role of epidural analgesia in abdominal surgery? BJA Educ 2014; 14(5):224–9. this resource:

35 Liu SS et al. Effects of perioperative central neuraxial analgesia on outcome after coronary artery bypass surgery: a meta-analysis. Anesthesiology 2004; 101(1):153–61. PubMed ID: 15220785 this resource: