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Preparation of collected primary data for statistical analysis 

Preparation of collected primary data for statistical analysis
Chapter:
Preparation of collected primary data for statistical analysis
Author(s):

Alan J. Silman

, Gary J. Macfarlane

, and Tatiana Macfarlane

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198814726.003.0015
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date: 24 January 2022

Although epidemiological studies are increasingly based on the analysis of existing data sets (including linked data sets), many studies still require primary data collection. Such data may come from patient questionnaires, interviews, abstraction from records, and/or the results of tests and measures such as weight or blood test results. The next stage is to analyse the data gathered from individual subjects to provide the answers required. Before commencing with the statistical analysis of any data set, the data themselves must be prepared in a format so that the detailed statistical analysis can achieve its goals. Items to be considered include the format the data are initially collected in and how they are transferred to an appropriate electronic form. This chapter explores how errors are minimized and the quality of the data set ensured. These tasks are not trivial and need to be planned as part of a detailed study methodology.

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