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Pain clinic procedures 

Pain clinic procedures
Pain clinic procedures

Jim Hughes

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date: 14 April 2021

Targeted injections of pharmacological agents around the spine, known as ‘injection therapy’, are among the most commonly offered treatments for medium–long-term back pain. These procedures are typically performed on an outpatient basis, with less requirements for anaesthesia and sterile fields than the more invasive surgical procedures. They may be performed as diagnostic tests, or to give either short- or long-term relief from pain symptoms associated with the spine. This chapter covers a selection of pain clinic procedures, covering facet joint injections, nerve root injections, and epidural/sacral injections under imaging control. Each procedure includes images that demonstrate the position of the C-arm, patient, and surgical equipment, with accompanying radiographs demonstrating the resulting images.

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