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date: 05 July 2022

This chapter deals with transoesophageal examination. It covers indications; contraindications and complications; information for the patient; preparing for the study; preparing and cleaning the probe; probe movements; anaesthesia, sedation, and analgesia; sedation complications; intubation; image acquisition; 4-chamber view; 5-chamber view; short axis (aortic valve) view; short axis (right ventricle) view; long axis (aortic valve) view; long axis (mitral valve) view; atrial septum (bicaval) view; 2-chamber (atrial appendage) view; pulmonary vein views; coronary sinus view; transgastric short axis views; transgastric long axis view; transgastric long axis (aortic) view; transgastric right ventricular view; deep transgastric view; pulmonary artery view; aortic views; 3D oesophageal views; 3D mitral valve; 3D aortic valve; 3D tricuspid valve; 3D pulmonary valve; 3D left ventricle; 3D interatrial septum; and the X-plane.

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