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Transthoracic anatomy and pathology: Valves 

Transthoracic anatomy and pathology: Valves
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Transthoracic anatomy and pathology: Valves
DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198804161.003.0004
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date: 26 June 2022

This chapter deals with the anatomy and pathology of valves in transthoracic echocardiography. It covers the mitral valve (stenosis, regurgitation, PISA, and prolapse); the aortic valve (stenosis and low-flow stenosis and regurgitation); the bicuspid, quadricuspid, and tricuspid valves; carcinoid heart syndrome; the pulmonary valve (stenosis, regurgitation, and prolapse); prosthetic valves (mechanical and bioprosthetic), along with stenosis, regurgitation, and regurgitation; and finally endocarditis.

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