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Diabetes and endocrine emergencies 

Diabetes and endocrine emergencies
Diabetes and endocrine emergencies

Punit S. Ramrakha

, Kevin P. Moore

, and Amir H. Sam

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date: 17 August 2019

This chapter describes diabetes and endocrine emergencies, including diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA; assessment, management, complications), hyperosmolar non-ketotic coma (HONK), hypoglycaemic coma, urgent surgery in patients with diabetes, diabetic foot complications, hyponatraemia, hypernatraemia, acute hypocalcaemia, hypercalcaemia, hypophosphataemia, Addisonian crisis, myxoedema coma, thyrotoxic crisis, pituitary apoplexy, hypopituitary coma, phaeochromocytomas, polyuria, malignant hyperthermia, and neuroleptic malignant syndrome.

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