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Practical procedures 

Practical procedures
Practical procedures

Punit S. Ramrakha

, Kevin P. Moore

, and Amir H. Sam

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date: 23 October 2019

This chapter discusses practical procedures in acute medicine, including arterial blood sampling, arterial line insertion, central line insertion, internal jugular vein cannulation, subclavian vein cannulation, ultrasound (US)-guided central venous catheterization, pulmonary artery catheterization, temporary cardiac pacing (ventricular pacing, atrial pacing, complications), pericardial aspiration, DC cardioversion, intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation, principles of respiratory support, mechanical ventilation, nasal ventilation, positive pressure ventilation, percutaneous cricothyrotomy, endotracheal intubation, aspiration of a pneumothorax, aspiration of a pleural effusion, insertion of a chest drain, ascitic tap (paracentesis), total paracentesis, insertion of a Sengstaken–Blakemore tube, percutaneous liver biopsy, transjugular liver biopsy, transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS), peritoneal dialysis, intermittent haemodialysis, plasmapheresis, renal biopsy, pH determination, joint aspiration, lumbar puncture, and needle-stick injuries.

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