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Intellectual disability 

Intellectual disability
Chapter:
Intellectual disability
Author(s):

David Semple

and Roger Smyth

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198795551.003.0017
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date: 22 August 2019

This chapter covers intellectual disabilities. It provides a historical context and modern classification, before covering assessment, communication pathways, and management or treatment methods. Different types of intellectual disability, both genetic and non-genetic and pervasive developmental disorders, are covered in turn, and psychiatric comorbidities are also considered. The issues affecting transition periods are outlined, along with potential methods of alleviating stress.

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