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Nutritional considerations in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit 

Nutritional considerations in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit
Nutritional considerations in the Paediatric Intensive Care Unit

Ben D. Albert

, and Katelyn Ariagno

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date: 12 April 2021

This chapter provides the readers with an exhaustive overview of several key issues and challenges surrounding nutrition in critically ill children. This chapter covers basic concepts such as obtaining a nutritional history, assessment of nutritional status, and obtaining anthropometric measurements. This then leads on to further advanced concepts, including the role of parenteral nutrition, postpyloric enteral feeding, estimating energy requirements, indirect calorimetry, refeeding syndrome, and so on. The authors summarize the evidence base around controversial issues such as enteral feeding while on vasoactive infusions. This chapter stresses the importance of promoting and establishing enteral feeding, and provides the readers with tips to implement evidence-based practice.

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