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The care of patients with gastrointestinal disease and nutritional support for the acutely ill patient 

The care of patients with gastrointestinal disease and nutritional support for the acutely ill patient
Chapter:
The care of patients with gastrointestinal disease and nutritional support for the acutely ill patient
Author(s):

Katharine Martyn

and Fiona Creed

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198793458.003.0006
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date: 22 April 2021

Acutely ill patients are often admitted to hospital with gastrointestinal conditions, in particular pelvic and abdominal pain. It is therefore essential that nurse has an understanding of the factors that impact on gut function. This chapter will therefore provide an overview of the gastrointestinal (GI) system and explore the normal anatomy and physiology of the GI tract and the accessory organs (liver, gall bladder, and pancreas). It explores the role of the nurse in caring for patients with nausea and vomiting, diabetes mellitus, and the importance of nutritional assessment and management during episodes of acute illness.

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