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Social factors and mental health 

Social factors and mental health
Chapter:
Social factors and mental health
Author(s):

Tom K. J. Craig

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198792994.003.0008
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date: 27 February 2020

The social environment plays a significant role in the onset, course and outcome of mental disorders. The impact has been conceptualised in two broad ways. First, in terms of unspecified aspects of how society is structured, as for example the observation of much higher rates of mental illness in areas of high population density or among minority ethnic populations. Second, through an attempt to drill down to what it is about these environments that is toxic—typically exploring associations between illness and stressful experiences, especially those involving abusive and bullying interactions. Both models also suggest preventive and restorative social interventions that could modify how mental health care is delivered.

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