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Suicidal behaviour among adolescents: Risk and protective factors and universal evidence-based suicide preventive programmes 

Suicidal behaviour among adolescents: Risk and protective factors and universal evidence-based suicide preventive programmes
Chapter:
Suicidal behaviour among adolescents: Risk and protective factors and universal evidence-based suicide preventive programmes
Author(s):

Danuta Wasserman

, Miriam Iosue

, and Vladimir Carli

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198792994.003.0039
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date: 24 February 2020

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among adolescents and young adults, accounting for 8.5% of all deaths globally among 15–29 year olds. Several genetic, psychological, and environmental risk factors have been identified, including youth psychiatric disorders and self-harm, family history of suicide and mental health problems, stressful life events, impulsivity, aggressiveness, and access to lethal means. Individual protective factors play an important role in reducing the risk of suicide and suicidal behaviours, including sleep, physical activity, resilience, good self-esteem, pro-social behaviours, connectedness within and support from the family, trustful relationships with peers and school staff, and safe school and community environments,. Prevention of suicidal behaviour among adolescents is possible by counteracting risk factors, strengthening protective factors, and utilizing evidence-based universal school-based suicide prevention programmes for adolescents and adequate treatment when applicable.

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