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Mental health in intellectual disability 

Mental health in intellectual disability
Chapter:
Mental health in intellectual disability
Author(s):

Sabyasachi Bhaumik

, Dasari Mohan Michael

, Reza Kiani

, Avinash Hiremath

, Shweta Gangavati

, and Amala Jesu

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198792994.003.0030
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date: 24 September 2021

This chapter focuses on the current knowledge in public health for people with intellectual disability and recognizes the extent of health inequalities these individuals experience. The prevalence of intellectual disability worldwide is discussed with special emphasis on the prevalence of mental health problems. Also highlighted are the population health characteristics, including physical and mental health problems. The issue of barriers to accessibility and the possible reasons are discussed. There is a section on premature mortality of people with intellectual disability and measures to improve the health status for this marginalized population. Recent initiatives, including prevention strategies and health promotional aspects, are discussed and solutions suggested, including those for low-and-middle income countries (LAMICs)emphasized. Training aspects to improve quality of health care in LAMICs is highlighted with the recognition of limitations in creating a sustainable transformation of services unless they are backed by authorities.

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