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Children and adolescents 

Children and adolescents
Chapter:
Children and adolescents
Author(s):

Jessica L. Plauché

, and Bennett L. Leventhal

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198792994.003.0028
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date: 01 December 2020

Child and adolescent mental health has become a pressing, international public health crisis. However, the field of child and adolescent psychiatry has advanced in remarkable ways over the last few decades. Increasing evidence indicates that child and adolescent mental disorders are highly prevalent and impactful conditions that often go unrecognized and untreated, resulting in a tremendous adverse impact on youth, families, and communities. It is critical that future research, public policy, and training programmes continue to identify and support factors that mitigate the risk for developmental psychopathology and foster well-being and healthy development. This chapter focuses on five principal features: developmental epidemiology, healthy development and well-being, access to care, the effects of adverse childhood experiences, and paediatric psychopharmacology. Concluding remarks include strategies to promote healthy child and adolescent development, as well as for the prevention, early identification, and early intervention for child and adolescent mental disorders.

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