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Unemployment and mental health 

Unemployment and mental health
Chapter:
Unemployment and mental health
Author(s):

Mel Bartley

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198792994.003.0016
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date: 24 February 2020

The effect of mass unemployment on an Austrian community was one of the first examples of the practice of public mental health. In the 86 years and three more recessions that have followed, the study of the relationship between unemployment and mental health has been revolutionized. From community studies to studies of individuals to research taking account of the whole of the life course, we are now rediscovering the importance of social and economic context. It has become clear that full employment of men, including those with more adversity in early life and fewer educational credentials, was a temporary phenomenon of the mid-twentieth century. But advances in theory, method, and data availability mean that public mental health practitioners are in a strong position to carry out the classical role of mitigating the harms of social change.

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