Show Summary Details
Page of

Occupational epidemiology 

Occupational epidemiology
Occupational epidemiology

Angelo d’Errico

, and Giuseppe Costa

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 28 October 2021

Occupational epidemiology has investigated extensively during the last decades the potential impact on mental health of several aspects of work organization, testing the effect of psychosocial exposures derived from theoretical constructs of work stress grown in its own field and in other disciplines (psychology, sociology, ergonomics). The two most important theoretical models are the demand–control–support model and the effort–reward imbalance model, whose effects have been evaluated in hundreds of studies. Other psychosocial dimensions strongly suspected for their association with mental health are emotional demand, organizational justice, work–family conflicts, job insecurity, and working time (long working hours and shift work). For these exposures, moderate-to-good evidence of a causal association with mental disorders has been demonstrated in several epidemiological studies characterized by good methodological quality, pointing to the need to reduce workers’ exposure to these occupational hazards.

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.