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Levetiracetam, piracetam, and brivaracetam 

Levetiracetam, piracetam, and brivaracetam
Chapter:
Levetiracetam, piracetam, and brivaracetam
Author(s):

Andrea E. Cavanna

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198791577.003.0008
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date: 23 October 2019

Levetiracetam is a third-generation antiepileptic drug characterized by a wide range of antiepileptic indications, with a very good interaction profile in polytherapy. Levetiracetam has an acceptable behavioural tolerability profile, but limited potential for psychiatric uses. Behavioural adverse events (irritability and emotional lability) are often reported by patients with epilepsy taking levetiracetam; psychotic symptoms and episodes of severe aggression have occasionally been reported. Initial reports suggesting a possible role for levetiracetam in the treatment of bipolar depression and anxiety disorders have not been confirmed by the findings of controlled trials. Two other pyrrolidone derivatives chemically related to levetiracetam, the nootropic drug piracetam and the third-generation antiepileptic drug brivaracetam, do not have psychiatric uses.

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