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Other antiepileptic drugs: rufinamide, lacosamide, perampanel 

Other antiepileptic drugs: rufinamide, lacosamide, perampanel
Chapter:
Other antiepileptic drugs: rufinamide, lacosamide, perampanel
Author(s):

Andrea E. Cavanna

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198791577.003.0017
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date: 10 July 2020

Rufinamide, lacosamide, and perampanel are third-generation agents licensed for use as antiepileptic drugs in recent years. Clinical experience is still limited, and little is known about their positive and negative psychotropic properties or their implications for the management of behavioural symptoms in patients with epilepsy. There are initial reports of anxiety, depression, irritability, and agitation in patients with epilepsy treated with rufinamide, whereas depression, irritability, agitation, and psychotic symptoms have been reported during lacosamide treatment. There are initial reports of behavioural disturbances (especially depression, anxiety, irritability, and psychosis) in patients with epilepsy treated with perampanel. These effects seem to be dose-related and tend to appear within the first weeks of treatment. Overall, these antiepileptic drugs have no indications for the treatment of psychiatric disorders and there is insufficient experience to draw any conclusion regarding their psychotropic profiles.

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