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Evidence for population-level approaches to the prevention of NCDs: Economic evaluation 

Evidence for population-level approaches to the prevention of NCDs: Economic evaluation
Chapter:
Evidence for population-level approaches to the prevention of NCDs: Economic evaluation
Author(s):

Mike Rayner

, Kremlin Wickramasinghe

, Julianne Williams

, Karen McColl

, and Shanthi Mendis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198791188.003.0009
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date: 11 July 2020

This chapter describes health economics, which is an important component of effective health system management. The chapter provides a brief overview of the process of economic evaluation and how to assess the costs and consequences of alternative courses of actions. It goes on to discuss the various types of economic evaluation, including cost-effectiveness analysis, cost–utility analysis, and cost–benefit analysis, which may be used to assess health system performance and to prioritize the allocation of health-care resources. It provides practical examples of cost-effective analyses of prevention interventions from around the world. Finally, it outlines key steps in conducting an economic evaluation and provides tools to critically appraise an economic evaluation.

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