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NCDs: Risk factors and determinants 

NCDs: Risk factors and determinants
Chapter:
NCDs: Risk factors and determinants
Author(s):

Mike Rayner

, Kremlin Wickramasinghe

, Julianne Williams

, Karen McColl

, and Shanthi Mendis

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198791188.003.0003
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date: 11 July 2020

This chapter introduces the main risk factors for non-communicable diseases (NCDs), using different causal webs. It uses the Global Burden of Disease data to describe the burden of these NCD risk factors. It uses the socioecological model and the World Health Organization’s conceptual framework for social determinants of health to show the different levels of influences relevant to NCDs. This chapter presents case studies to show how a life-course approach and health-in-all-policies approach could address these broad ranges of NCD risk factors. It discusses the importance of primary prevention efforts organized around multilevel interventions and shows that they are more likely to be more successful than single-focus efforts.

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