Show Summary Details
Page of

HIV infection 

HIV infection
HIV infection

Simon M. Fox

, Angela M. Minassian

, Thomas Rawlinson

, and Brian J. Angus

Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD MEDICINE ONLINE ( © Oxford University Press, 2020. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a title in Oxford Medicine Online for personal use (for details see Privacy Policy and Legal Notice).

date: 13 July 2020

The human immunodeficiency viruses (HIV- 1 and HIV-2) are enveloped, icosahedral RNA retroviruses. Both cause the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS); HIV-1 is responsible for the vast majority of infections worldwide, while HIV-2 is, for the most part, limited to West Africa. HIV-2 causes less severe immunodeficiency and progresses more slowly. HIV-2 is also constitutionally resistant to an entire class of antiretrovirals (non-nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors).

Access to the complete content on Oxford Medicine Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts for each book and chapter without a subscription.

Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQs, and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us.