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Carol Kan

and Ma-Li Wong

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date: 16 January 2021

An association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and depression has been reported in epidemiological studies. Finding a genetic overlap between T2DM and depression will provide evidence to support a common biological pathway to both disorders. Genetic correlations observed from twin studies indicate that a small magnitude of the variance in liability can be attributed to genetic factors. However, no genetic overlap has been observed between T2DM and depression in genome-wide association studies using both the polygenic score and the linkage disequilibrium score regression approaches. Clarifying the shared heritability between these two complex traits is an important next step towards better therapy and treatment. Another area that needs to be explored is gene–environment interaction, since genotypes can affect an individual’s responses to the environment and environment can differentially affect genotypes expression.

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