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Novel technologies: What does gastric electrical stimulation offer to the patient with type 2 diabetes and depression? 

Novel technologies: What does gastric electrical stimulation offer to the patient with type 2 diabetes and depression?
Chapter:
Novel technologies: What does gastric electrical stimulation offer to the patient with type 2 diabetes and depression?
Author(s):

Harold E. Lebovitz

and Shlomo Ben-Haim

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198789284.003.0014
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date: 02 December 2020

Owing to the epidemiologic dimensions of type 2 diabetes, obesity, and depression, the development of novel and effective treatment options for these conditions is of great importance. One of the major challenges in this field is that many antidiabetic and antidepressive drugs may have disadvantageous metabolic effects by increasing weight and worsening insulin resistance. Novel technologies more effectively considering the pathophysiological changes related to this entity are needed. The DIAMOND electrical stimulation device improves glycaemic control, causes weight loss and decreases systolic blood pressure in overweight and obese patients with type 2 diabetes. The DIAMOND device detects food ingestion and automatically activates its postprandial metabolic effects. It does so with minimal side effects, no hypoglycaemia, modest weight loss, minimal requirement for self-blood glucose monitoring, and improvement in eating behaviour. The properties of DIAMOND treatment suggest that it may have merit for treating patients with comorbid diabetes and depression.

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