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Descriptive and epidemiological studies 

Descriptive and epidemiological studies
Chapter:
Descriptive and epidemiological studies
Author(s):

Stéphane Morandi

DOI:
10.1093/med/9780198788065.003.0004
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date: 08 December 2021

While there is considerable variation in the precise legal structures and terminology used[community treatment orders (CTOs), mandated outpatient treatment, outpatient commitment, assisted outpatient treatment, or supervised community treatment] there is surprising consistency in clinical practice. Orders are generally used in similar situations with similar groups of patients. They have been extensively researched since they were first introduced over 30 years ago but the evidence base has been patchy, conflicting, and often of poor quality. This chapter is the first of two summarizing current evidence relating to the use of formal powers in the community. It considers the extensive literature from descriptive studies of new and established regimes. The large number of audits and descriptions considered here will provide a rich background and begin to develop themes that will be carried forward to a chapter summarizing controlled or experimental outcome studies.

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